Open educational resources (OERs) are any openly licensed instructional materials that are also typically available at little or no cost. The term can include textbooks, course readings, and other learning content; simulations, games, and other learning applications; syllabi, quizzes, and assessment tools; and virtually any other material that can be used for instructional purposes.
The Maryland Open Source Textbook (M.O.S.T.) initiative began in 2013 to provide a statewide opportunity for faculty and institutions to explore the promise of OERs to reduce students' cost of attendance while maintaining, or perhaps even improving, learning outcomes. The M.O.S.T. initiative launched the High-impact OER Mini-Grant Program in 2017 to enhance the Kirwan Center's OER efforts by targeting high-enrollment courses with existing quality OER at 2- and 4-year Maryland public higher education institutions.