Effectiveness and Efficiency Initiative
The University System of Maryland (USM) launched its Effectiveness and Efficiency Initiative in 2003-04 to manage a number
of unprecedented challenges prevalent at that time: declining state aid; rising costs in energy and health care; rising
demands on higher education in an economy increasingly based on knowledge and information; and surging enrollment from
the "baby boom echo." As of Winter 2014, the USM had saved more than $462 million through its Effectiveness and
Efficiency (E&E) Initiative.
The USM Board of Regents established the E&E Workgroup to address these issues. The driving
force behind the E&E Initiative was the need, in such challenging economic times, to optimize
USM resources to yield savings and cost avoidance.
The workgroup, a collaborative effort involving the regents, chancellor and USM vice chancellors,
and leaders from all USM institutions, identified several action steps to reduce costs.
These steps included centralizing services such as internal audit, construction management, and
real property development; strategically leveraging USM buying power, including a pooled purchase
of energy by USM schools acting as a shared entity; and implementing cost-effective energy
The group targeted efficiencies on administrative and academic levels through two action stages,
Phase I and Phase II.
The driving force behind the E&E Initiative was the need, in today's challenging economic times,
to optimize USM resources to yield savings and cost avoidance. The original goals of the E&E Work
Group, through the establishment of the USM Board of Regents Committee on Effectiveness and Efficiency
in 2011, remain the same: promote enhancements in effectiveness and efficiencies in the USM operating
model, increase quality, serve more students, and reduce the pressure on tuition.
The Tenth Anniversary Report to the Board of Regents on USM Effectiveness and Efficiency Initiatives in April
2013 documented $356 million in cumulative savings in the initial 10 years following
the E&E launch during 2003-04.
10th Anniversary Report on USM E&E Initiatives
As a result of E&E Administrative Action Phase I, USM has achieved the following:
- Removed more than $130 million in direct costs from its budget, with significant additional
savings through cost avoidance;
- Held in-state undergraduate tuition flat through the '06, '07, '08 and '09 academic years;
- Despite a modest 3% tuition increase for fall 2010, established a tuition schedule projected
to have the 21st highest tuition in the nation in fiscal year 2011 (from 6th highest in earlier stages of Phase 1).
As a result of E&E Academic Action Phase 1, USM has achieved the following:
- Increased faculty classroom contact hours at undergraduate research universities by 20%;
- Achieved all-time high levels of community college transfer rates;
- Saw time-to-degree across the system at an historic best level, averaging less than 4.5 years;
- Added 5,000 students in 2008-09, despite the absence of additional funding for enrollment growth
Phase II of the E&E initiative reflects USM's commitment to sensitivity to cost-containment issues.
Several broad administrative and academic initiatives form the foundation of Phase II:
- Early college access (articulated partnership agreements between the USM and public high school systems;
- Two-year/four-year dual admission;
- Financial best practices (ongoing commitment to shared services, aggregate procurements, and energy conservation);
- Course redesign;
- Expansion of USM regional education centers;
- Commitment to accountability and transparency.
The USM has embraced the state's investment in higher education. E&E action continues to help the
USM reposition itself for success in this challenging economic environment.
E&E News Releases
E&E Articles and News Coverage
Office of the Board of Regents
University System of Maryland
3300 Metzerott Road
Adelphi, MD 20783